In addition to lifestyle changes, treatments often include medications, procedures, or both.
Medications are used to:
|Rate controlling medications||Heart rhythm controlling medications|
Finding the right medicine and dose (amount) often takes some time. In some cases, taking both a rate and rhythm control medicine might be needed.
Many people with AFib also take medicines that help lower the chance of blood clots from forming in the heart and causing a stroke.
Medications to prevent or treat blood clots and lower the chance of stroke include blood thinners, also called anticoagulants, for example:
Talk with your care team about which blood thinner is right for you.
Read More: Blood thinners to prevent stroke
If you are taking warfarin, you will need regular blood tests to be sure the clotting ability of your blood (INR) is not too high or low. Some foods like spinach, kale and other vegetables are rich in vitamin K, which can disrupt the way warfarin works. You may need to be careful about how much you eat and be consistent.
Your care team may talk with you about a procedure to close the left atrial appendage – a little pouch in the heart where clots can pool if you have AFib.