If you are at risk for stroke – or have already had one – there are steps you can take to help prevent having one. Try to:
- Lower your blood pressure if it is high and be sure to keep track of your number – aim for less than 130/80
- Get tested for diabetes
- Eat a healthy diet
- Don't smoke and avoid secondhand smoke
- Stay active – 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise each week to promote good health
- Get to and maintain a healthy weight
- Keep up with your doctor's visits and learn what your numbers mean, especially if your blood pressure is high
- Always take your medications as directed
Remember: Know the warning signs of a stroke and be prepared to seek medical attention right away.
If You've Had a Past Stroke
Your health care team may recommend medications to help you prevent another stroke. These medications include blood thinners, such as aspirin or clopidogrel, to lower the chance of clots forming.
Also, your health care team might recommend you take medications to help lower your stroke risk. These could include medications to lower or control:
- Cholesterol levels (for example, statins)
- Blood pressure
Did You Know?
- Men are more likely to have a stroke, but more women are more likely to die from it.
- Women tend to have different stroke symptoms than men, such as sudden face, arm or leg pain, nausea, chest pain, shortness of breath and a racing heart.
- Stroke is more disabling and deadly in Black Americans.
- Two-thirds of all strokes occur in people older than 65.