Light therapy (phototherapy)
is exposure to light that is brighter than indoor light but not as bright as
direct sunlight. Do not use
ultraviolet light, full-spectrum light, heat lamps, or
tanning lamps for light therapy.
Light therapy may help with
depression, jet lag, and sleep disorders. It may help reset your "biological
clock" (circadian rhythms), which controls sleeping and
Typically, you sit in front of a high-intensity
fluorescent lamp for 30 minutes to 2 hours each morning.
People use light
therapy to treat
seasonal affective disorder (SAD), which is depression
related to shorter days and reduced sunlight exposure during the fall and
winter months. Most people with SAD feel better after they use light therapy.
This may be because light therapy replaces the lost sunlight exposure and
resets the body's internal clock.
may be most effective when you use it first thing in the morning when you wake
up. You and your doctor or therapist can determine when light therapy works
best for you. Response to this therapy usually occurs in 2 to 4 days, but
it may take up to 3 weeks of light therapy before symptoms of SAD (such as
depression) are relieved.
It's not clear how well light therapy
works at other times of the day. But some people with SAD (perhaps those who
wake up early in the morning) may find it helpful to use light therapy for 1 to
2 hours in the evening, stopping at least 1 hour before bedtime.
Light therapy generally is
safe, and you may use it together with other treatments. If symptoms of
depression do not improve, or if they become worse, it is important to follow
up with your doctor or therapist.
The most common side effects of
light therapy include:
You can relieve these side effects by decreasing the amount
of time you spend under the light.
People who have sensitive eyes
or skin should not use light therapy without first consulting a doctor.
Always tell your doctor if you are using an alternative therapy or if you
are thinking about combining an alternative therapy with your conventional
medical treatment. It may not be safe to forgo your conventional medical
treatment and rely only on an alternative therapy.
June 29, 2011
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Marc S. Micozzi, MD, PhD - Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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