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How to Prevent Heart Disease

Healthy habits throughout life — eating better, moving more, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking — are important steps to prevent heart disease. You also need to keep an eye on factors that make heart disease more likely. These include diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Read key points that you should know about new recommendations from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association: Guideline on Heart Disease Prevention (2019).

Learn more about these building blocks for a healthy heart:

Eat Heart-Healthy

Move More

Keep a Healthy Weight

Avoid Tobacco

Manage Cholesterol

Monitor Blood  Pressure 

Control Diabetes 

More Information


My Plan for Heart Healthier Living: Need help getting started? Here are worksheets (in PDF format) to help you map out steps to eat better, move more, get to or maintain a healthy weight, avoid tobacco, and manage stress.

Download PDF

Healthy Habits Protect Your Heart: Use this one-page handout (double-sided) to record your numbers as well as goals for blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, and weight.

Download PDF

Infographic Posters: You can download and print CardioSmart's infographic posters about preventing heart disease.

Related Article: What about aspirin? Taking an aspirin every day might not help you prevent cardiovascular disease. But if you’ve already had a heart attack or stroke, aspirin is still an important part of treatment.

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Infographic: Stop Heart Disease Before It Starts

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