Find over 200 print-friendly fact sheets about heart disease and related health topics.
Do you know your risk for heart disease? Learn what increases our cardiovascular risk and how we can reduce or control risk factors that we may have.
How do risk factors that we can't control affect lifetime risk of heart disease?
Risk factors like blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking status and diabetes status are controllable through lifestyle changes and working with your doctor. Although there are risk factors that are out of our control, such as family history, patients can still greatly reduce their cardiovascular risk by addressing risk factors that they can control.
How do I know if I have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?
A telltale sign of OSA is chronic loud snoring, interspersed with sounds of gasping or choking. Often a person isn’t aware of his or her own snoring and it will take a family member or bed partner to point it out. (Not everyone who snores has OSA, however.) Another prime indicator of OSA for most people is daytime sleepiness, although heart failure patients complain of this symptom less often.
To confirm that you have OSA, your doctor will send you to an overnight sleep laboratory for specialized testing called polysomnography. If this technology isn’t available where you live, in-home monitoring devices may be an alternative.
How can patients improve their health literacy?
How can I reduce my risk for heart attack?
How did researchers determine the risk associated with ICD implants and driving?
A total of 2,786 ICD patients were followed for an average of nearly 3 years following implantation. During this time, researchers tracked the occurrence of shocks from the ICD. A risk of harm formula was then used to calculate the risk for shock from the time of implantation, and therefore risk of harm while driving.
How can too much salt be harmful to your health?
Are there drawbacks to drinking a lot of coffee?
Can a patient with pre-diabetes prevent the onset of diabetes?
A recent study demonstrated that a healthy diet, rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, whole grains, fish, and moderate alcohol intake can help prevent sudden cardiac death and improve overall cardiovascular health.
At what age are adults considered at highest risk for a heart attack?
Besides chocolate, what other foods contain flavonoids?
Are carbohydrates unhealthy?
Am I at risk for pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH)?
Are the health effects of smoking irreversible?
Are there any differences observed in lifetime heart disease risk trends between men and women?
Are men no longer at significant risk for heart disease?
Does replacing regular soda with diet soft drinks reduce extra sugar and calorie consumption?
It’s true that diet soft drinks don’t contain sugar, so switching from sugary soft drinks to diet drinks can help reduce excess sugar and calorie consumption. However, it’s still important to look at the overall quality of the diet. In this study, teens who consumed lots of sugar also consumed less protein and fiber. If teens switch to diet drinks but continue to eat the same way, they are likely to be missing out on important nutrients they need for good health. The study didn’t comment on the intake of calcium and other minerals and vitamins, but filling up on sodas, even if they’re diet sodas, may mean that a teen is not drinking enough milk or eating a balanced diet. In addition, many sodas contain caffeine, and cola drinks contain high levels of phosphates. A diet that’s high in phosphates but low in calcium can lead to weaker bones, a special concern for girls.
Does cardiovascular risk differ among different races or ethnicities?
Yes. Research from 2012 shows that African-American adults have among the highest rates of hypertension in the world (44% vs. 33.5% of U.S. adults). African-Americans, Mexican-Americans, Hispanic/Latino individuals and other ethnic minorities are also disproportionately affected by diabetes, and Mexican-American and African American children are disproportionately affected by overweight and obesity.
Does coffee have other health benefits?
Can women without any history of heart disease develop cardiovascular complications during pregnancy?
Can weight loss improve my health?
Can tai chi be dangerous for some patients?
Your questions are answered by more than two dozen members of the American College of Cardiology who volunteer their time with CardioSmart.
Learn more about our volunteers