Find over 200 print-friendly fact sheets about heart disease and related health topics.
Do you know your risk for heart disease? Learn what increases our cardiovascular risk and how we can reduce or control risk factors that we may have.
What is a "healthy" amount of TV viewing?
What is a healthy weight?
What is a biomarker?
What is "sick fat"?
Adiposopathy, also known as "sick fat", is a type of fat tissue that is now considered a form of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, overweight patients without any major risk factors for heart disease, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, are still considered to have heart disease if they have “sick fat.”
What is psoriasis?
What is stroke?
What is sudden cardiac death?
What is leptin?
What are the most common heart attack symptoms in women?
Watch a news video about this study featuring CardioSmart Editor-in-Chief, Dr. JoAnne Foody.
What are the most common risks associated with drug-eluting stents?
What are the signs of peripartum cardiomyopathy during pregnancy?
Although this condition is rare, it does occur in about 1 in 3,200 women. Those with peripartum cardiomyopathy will present similar symptoms as for heart failure, such as shortness of breath, chest pain and abdominal pain. Patients presenting these symptoms should talk with their doctor, as this condition can be easily diagnosed in patients.
What are the risk factors for heart attack and stroke?
What are significant differences in the cardiovascular health of women vs. men?
What are risk factors for heart failure?
What are good sources of vitamin D?
What are my risks for heart failure?
Heart failure is a serious but all too common condition. It affects about 5.7 million people in the United States and causes 300,000 deaths each year. Heart failure is more prevalent in young men, African Americans, and people over age 65, particularly women. Hereditary factors and congenital heart defects can also raise your risk.
What are the best low-impact exercises that achieve cardiovascular benefits?
What are the best sources of isoflavones?
What are symptoms of a deep venous thrombosis?
What are symptoms of atrial fibrillation?
What do my blood pressure numbers mean?
Your blood pressure reading has two parts. The top number (systolic) represents the pressure of the blood against your arteries when your heart contracts. The lower number (diastolic) is the pressure between beats when your heart muscle relaxes. Both numbers are important. Your doctor or nurse can check your blood pressure during an office visit. You can also measure your blood pressure yourself with a home device. Keep in mind that your blood pressure will rise and fall depending on the time of the day and how active you are. It is more accurate to look at overall trends rather than a single number.
Blood pressure is directly associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. Ideal blood pressure is below 120/80. Your risk goes up proportionally as your blood pressure rises above that level. If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor will recommend that you make changes to your diet and exercise habits. You may also need to take blood pressure lowering medicines.
Systolic (mm Hg)
Diastolic (mm Hg)
less than 120
less than 80
160 or higher
100 or higher
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