Find over 200 print-friendly fact sheets about heart disease and related health topics.
Find answers to frequently asked questions about nutrition, like why healthy eating is important and how to improve your diet.
Most adults over 19 years of age need 1,000 mg a day of calcium (except for women 51-70 years old who need 1,200 mg/day), and older adults (over 71) need 1,200 mg daily. See how much calcium you should be getting.
Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding need the same amount of calcium and vitamin D as other women their age.
It is important to note that not all chocolates are created equal! In general, the best chocolates for your heart are ones that are the least processed and contain the greatest levels of flavanols and cocoa powder.
Does higher omega-3 fatty acid consumption increase cardiovascular benefits?
If you choose to drink alcohol, the key is moderation. Heavy drinking of any type of alcoholic beverage puts you at risk for serious conditions including high blood pressure, stroke, cancer, and obesity. However, researchers have observed that people who drink moderately may have a lower risk cardiovascular disease. Although no studies have directly compared the potential risk and benefits of different types alcoholic beverages some researchers speculate that antioxidant substances found in wine, particularly red wine, are responsible for the protective effect.
This is a complex question best decided by you and your doctor based on your own health history. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), moderate alcohol use--up to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women and older people--causes few if any problems for most adults. (One drink equals one 12-ounce bottle of beer or wine cooler, one 5-ounce glass of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.) However, you should not drink at all if:
You can significantly reduce risk for heart attack by knowing your numbers and addressing any cardiovascular risk factors that you may have, including hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, or smoking. You can also help reduce cardiovascular risk by maintaining a healthy weight and heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly and controlling stress.
Watch a news video about this study featuring CardioSmart Editor-in-Chief, Dr. JoAnne Foody.
What is the best way to lose weight?
Weight loss boils down to a simple formula: burn more energy each day than you take in from food. A deficit of 3500 calories will net one pound of fat loss. Therefore, if you cut down your food intake by just 100 calories a day, you can expect to lose 10 pounds by the end of the year.
What are good sources of vitamin D?
What are the best sources of isoflavones?
What foods are highest in omega-3 fatty acids?
Flaxseed and flaxseed oil are foods containing the most omega-3 fatty acids, followed by certain fish, fish oils and nuts. Certain plants and spices are also high in omega-3 fatty acid, such as fresh basil, dried oregano and grape leaves.
What foods should I avoid when trying to limit sodium intake?
What foods high in flavanol?
What does the dietary portfolio consist of?
Most of the sodium you get each day comes from processed foods rather than salt you use in cooking and at the table. Here are some tips to help you shake the sodium out of your diet:
Who is at risk for vitamin D deficiency?
What should I look for on food labels if I want to cut back on the sugar I eat in processed foods?
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