Find over 200 print-friendly fact sheets about heart disease and related health topics.
Find answers to frequently asked questions about a variety of health conditions, like heart attack, high blood pressure and atrial fibrillation.
How do doctors determine what types of treatment a person gets?
How do drug-eluting stents differ from other types of stents?
How do femoral and radial access differ when it comes to angioplasty (percutaneous coronary intervention)?
How do experts define low-income?
How do I know if I have peripheral artery disease (PAD)?
How do I know if I have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?
A telltale sign of OSA is chronic loud snoring, interspersed with sounds of gasping or choking. Often a person isn’t aware of his or her own snoring and it will take a family member or bed partner to point it out. (Not everyone who snores has OSA, however.) Another prime indicator of OSA for most people is daytime sleepiness, although heart failure patients complain of this symptom less often.
To confirm that you have OSA, your doctor will send you to an overnight sleep laboratory for specialized testing called polysomnography. If this technology isn’t available where you live, in-home monitoring devices may be an alternative.
Walking is a safe activity for most people, however always talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program. The components of a good program include:
How can patients improve their health literacy?
How can I reduce my risk for heart attack?
Can a patient with pre-diabetes prevent the onset of diabetes?
A recent study demonstrated that a healthy diet, rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, whole grains, fish, and moderate alcohol intake can help prevent sudden cardiac death and improve overall cardiovascular health.
Can depression be treated?
At what age are adults considered at highest risk for a heart attack?
Am I at risk for pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH)?
Am I at risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?
Are stents only used to treat heart attack patients?
No. Although this study analyzed the use of stents in heart attack patients, stents can also be used to help prevent heart attack in patients with severe narrowing of the arteries. Many studies have shown that long-term complications – especially re-narrowing of the arteries following PCI – may be less common in these stable patients in comparison with those treated after a heart attack.
Are men no longer at significant risk for heart disease?
Can I drive myself to the hospital in an emergency situation?
After or during a cardiac event such as a heart attack or stroke, it is important to call 911 and not attempt to drive yourself to the hospital. Ambulances are equipped to provide immediate, life-saving medical care until you arrive at the nearest emergency facility.
Can women without any history of heart disease develop cardiovascular complications during pregnancy?
Can yoga be used in place of traditional treatments for atrial fibrillation?
Yoga helped to reduce episodes of irregular heart beat by half, and significantly improved depression, anxiety and quality of life in participants of the “Yoga My Heart Study”. However, yoga is not necessarily an appropriate substitute for other treatments such as surgery or medications. Patients with atrial fibrillation should consult their physician before practicing yoga to ensure that it is the right option for them.
Can I lower my cholesterol without medication?
Can sleep apnea cause other complications, aside from cardiovascular events?
Your questions are answered by more than two dozen members of the American College of Cardiology who volunteer their time with CardioSmart.
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