Answers to Common Questions
Learn why weight control is so important for heart disease prevention, and how to lose weight—for good!
Talk with your health care team. If you have or are at risk for heart disease, it is important to adopt heart healthy habits. This means being thoughtful about the kinds of foods you eat, how you prepare them and how many calories and how much fat you consume. Try to eat a low-fat diet that is rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, fish and lean meats. You should also carve out time to exercise every day. See CardioSmart’s Eat Better and Move More areas for more information.
Body mass index, referred to as BMI, is a measurement used to estimate levels of body fat based on your height and weight. CardioSmart offers a BMI calculator to help you know your numbers. For adults, BMI under 18.5 is underweight, 18.5–24.9 is normal, 25.0–29.9 is overweight, and over 30 is considered obese.
You can significantly reduce risk for heart attack by knowing your numbers and addressing any cardiovascular risk factors that you may have, including hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, or smoking. You can also help reduce cardiovascular risk by maintaining a healthy weight and heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly and controlling stress.
How can I prevent the development of "sick fat"?
You can help prevent adiposopathy or "sick fat" by maintaining a healthy weight through proper diet and exercise. Those who are overweight can lose weight to prevent or minimize “sick fat” in the body.
What is "sick fat"?
Adiposopathy, also known as "sick fat", is a type of fat tissue that is now considered a form of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, overweight patients without any major risk factors for heart disease, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, are still considered to have heart disease if they have “sick fat.”
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