Answers to Common Questions

Expert answers to key health questions

Questions & Answers

  • What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease?

  • Common symptoms of kidney disease include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, sleep problems, changes in how much you urinate, swelling of feet and ankles, chest pain, shortness of breath and high blood pressure. Since symptoms are not unique to chronic kidney disease, it’s important to have your kidney function tested if you experience symptoms or have risk factors for kidney disease, such as diabetes and high blood pressure
  • What is fatigue?
  • Fatigue is often described as extreme tiredness and can affect either physical health, mental health, or both. Most often, fatigue is caused by a number of factors such diet or lack of sleep and exercise. In some cases, however, fatigue may be a sign of underlying conditions, such as depression, sleep apnea, heart disease and diabetes. It’s important to discuss feelings of fatigue with a doctor to help identify the cause and relieve symptoms.

  • What is a lipid panel?
  • A lipid panel is a blood test that measures fat and fatty substances in the blood. Typically, this panel measures cholesterol and triglycerides to identify lipid disorders that increase cardiovascular risk. Treating lipid disorders with lifestyle changes and medication, when necessary, can help significantly reduce risk for heart disease.

  • What are whole grains?
  • Grains are what make up common foods like bread, rice, pasta, oatmeal, cereal, tortillas, crackers and popcorn. Whole grain foods include the entire grain seed, which keeps all nutrients like fiber and iron intact. Refined grains, on the other hand, remove a portion of the seed to create a finer texture, which depletes key nutrients. Thus, guidelines encourage choosing whole grains over refined grains as part of a healthy, well-balanced diet.
  • What are risk factors for dementia?
  • Some risk factors for dementia can’t be controlled, such as age, family history and down syndrome. However, there are many risk factors that can be controlled, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, smoking and heavy alcohol use. It’s important to address any risk factors you may have to reduce risk for dementia and other serious conditions.

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