omeprazole

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omeprazole

Pronunciation:oh MEP ra zol
Brand:Prilosec, Prilosec OTC

Omeprazole 10 mg-MYL

green, imprinted with MYLAN 5211

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Omeprazole 10 mg-TEV

brown/lavender, imprinted with 081, IMPAX10

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Omeprazole 20 mg-APO

pink, imprinted with APO, 020

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Omeprazole 20 mg-KU

gold/white, imprinted with KU 118

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Omeprazole 20 mg-MYL

dark green/light green, imprinted with MYLAN 6150

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Omeprazole 20 mg-TEV

purple, imprinted with 082, IMPAX 20

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Prilosec 10 mg

pink/purple, imprinted with 606, PRILOSEC 10

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Prilosec 20 mg

purple, imprinted with 607, PRILOSEC 20

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Prilosec 40 mg

pink/purple, imprinted with 743, PRILOSEC 40

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What is the most important information I should know about omeprazole?

Heartburn is often confused with the first symptoms of a heart attack. Seek emergency medical attention if you have chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, and a general ill feeling.

donotYou should not take this medication if you are allergic to omeprazole or to any other benzimidazole medication such as albendazole (Albenza), or mebendazole (Vermox).

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take omeprazole if you have liver disease or heart disease, or low levels of magnesium in your blood.

donotOmeprazole is not for immediate relief of heartburn symptoms.

Some conditions are treated with a combination of omeprazole and antibiotics. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice.

finishTake this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared.

Prilosec OTC (over-the-counter) should be taken only once every 24 hours for 14 days. It may take up to 4 days for full effect. Do not take more than one tablet every 24 hours.

Allow at least 4 months to pass before you start another 14-day treatment with Prilosec OTC. Call your doctor if you have additional symptoms and need treatment before the 4 months has passed.

What is omeprazole?

Omeprazole is in a group of drugs called proton pump inhibitors. Omeprazole decreases the amount of acid produced in the stomach.

Omeprazole is used to treat symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions caused by excess stomach acid. Omeprazole is also used to promote healing of erosive esophagitis (damage to your esophagus caused by stomach acid).

Omeprazole may also be given together with antibiotics to treat gastric ulcer caused by infection with helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).

donotOmeprazole is not for immediate relief of heartburn symptoms.

Omeprazole may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking omeprazole?

Heartburn is often confused with the first symptoms of a heart attack. Seek emergency medical attention if you have chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the arm or shoulder, nausea, sweating, and a general ill feeling.

donotYou should not take this medication if you are allergic to omeprazole or to any other benzimidazole medication such as albendazole (Albenza), or mebendazole (Vermox).

Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take omeprazole if you have liver disease or heart disease, or if you have low levels of magnesium in your blood.

donotDo not use over-the-counter omeprazole (Prilosec OTC) without the advice of a doctor if you have:
  • trouble or pain with swallowing;
  • bloody or black stools;
  • vomit that looks like blood or coffee grounds;
  • heartburn that has lasted for over 3 months;
  • frequent chest pain;
  • heartburn with wheezing;
  • unexplained weight loss;
  • nausea or vomiting; or
  • stomach pain.

Some conditions are treated with a combination of omeprazole and antibiotics. Use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice.

emtTaking a proton pump inhibitor such as omeprazole may increase your risk of bone fracture in the hip, wrist, or spine. This effect has occurred mostly in people who have taken the medication long term or at high doses, and in those who are age 50 and older. It is not clear whether omeprazole is the actual cause of an increased risk of fracture. Before you take this medication, tell your doctor if you have osteoporosis or osteopenia (low bone mineral density).
nopregFDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether omeprazole will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.
nobrfeedOmeprazole can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are taking omeprazole.
nochildDo not give this medication to a child younger than 1 year old without the advice of a doctor.

How should I take omeprazole?

Take exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Omeprazole is usually taken before eating. Follow your doctor's instructions.

nocrushDo not crush, chew, or break an enteric-coated tablet. Swallow the pill whole. The enteric-coated pill has a special coating to protect your stomach. Breaking the pill could damage this coating.

You may open the delayed-release capsule and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of applesauce to make swallowing easier. Swallow this mixture right away without chewing. Do not save the mixture for later use. Discard the empty capsule.

waterDissolve the powder in a small amount of water. Use 1 teaspoon of water for the 2.5-mg packet, or 1 Tablespoon of water for the 10-mg packet. Let the mixture stand for 2 or 3 minutes, then stir and drink right away. To make sure you get the entire dose, add a little more water to the same glass, swirl gently and drink right away.

Prilosec OTC (over-the-counter) should be taken only once every 24 hours for 14 days. Take the medicine in the morning before you eat breakfast. It may take up to 4 days for full effect. Do not take more than one tablet every 24 hours.

Allow at least 4 months to pass before you start another 14-day treatment with Prilosec OTC. Call your doctor if you have additional symptoms and need treatment before the 4 months has passed.

nocrushDo not crush, chew, or break a Prilosec OTC tablet. Swallow the pill whole.
finishTake this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared.
emtCall your doctor if your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse while you are taking this medicine.
rtStore at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

emtSeek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, blurred vision, fast heartbeat, nausea, vomiting, sweating, headache, or dry mouth.

What should I avoid while taking omeprazole?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

What are the possible side effects of omeprazole?

emtGet emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
donotCall your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms of low magnesium:
  • dizziness, confusion;
  • fast or uneven heart rate;
  • jerking muscle movements;
  • feeling jittery;
  • muscle cramps, muscle weakness or limp feeling;
  • cough or choking feeling; or
  • seizure.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • fever;
  • cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat;
  • stomach pain, gas;
  • nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; or
  • headache.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect omeprazole?

Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use, especially:

  • a blood thinner such as warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven);
  • a diuretic (water pill);
  • cilostazol (Pletal);
  • clopidogrel (Plavix);
  • diazepam (Valium);
  • digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxicaps);
  • disulfiram (Antabuse);
  • cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune);
  • tacrolimus (Prograf);
  • phenytoin (Dilantin);
  • ketoconazole (Nizoral), voriconazole (Vfend);
  • ampicillin (Principen, Unasyn);
  • HIV or AIDS medications such as atazanavir (Reyataz), nelfinavir (Viracept), saquinavir (Invirase); or
  • iron (Feosol, Mol-Iron, Fergon, Femiron, others).

This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with omeprazole. Tell your doctor about all medications you use. This includes prescription, over-the-counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about omeprazole.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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